The Civil War that raged across the nation was the violent ending to decades of diversification. Slowly, throughout the start of the nineteenth century, South and the North followed different routes, developing into two distinct and quite different areas.
Climate and the northern land favored smaller farmsteads rather than big plantations. Business boomed, fueled by more plentiful natural resources than in the South, and several big cities were created (New York was the biggest city with more than 800,000 inhabitants). In urban areas, one quarter of Northerners lived by 1860. The portion of laborers fell dramatically to just 40% from 70%. Captivity had died out, replaced by immigrant labour in factories and the cities from Europe. In fact seven from every eight, an overwhelming majority of immigrants, settled rather. Transport was not more difficult in the North, which boasted more than two thirds of the railroad tracks in the united states as well as the market was on an upswing.
Northern kids were somewhat more prone to attend school than kids that are Southern.
The rich soil and warm climate of the South made it well suited for large scale farms and crops like cotton and tobacco. Because agriculture was not so unprofitable few Southerners saw a requirement for industrial development.
Only one tenth of Southerners lived in urban areas and transport between cities was not easy, except by water. Just 35% of the train tracks in the nation’s were found in the South. In addition, in 1860, while the Northern producers were experiencing a boom, the South’s agricultural market was starting to delay.
A somewhat smaller percentage of white Southerners were literary than their Northern counterparts, and Southern kids tended to spend less time. As grownups, Southern guys gravitated toward military professions along with agriculture and tended to belong to the Democratic political party.